Trade Unions’ Reactions to Non-implementation of Collective Agreements in the Lagos State Public Sector


  • Elegbede Sikirulahi Tunde Department of Employment Relations and Human Resource Management Faculty of Management Sciences University of Lagos Akoka, Nigeria.
  • Samuel Chidiebere Okeke Department of Employment Relations and Human Resource Management Faculty of Management Sciences University of LagosAkoka, Nigeria.
  • Jamiu Salam Abiodun Department of Management Yaba College of Technology, Nigeria.


The objective of the study is to examine trade unions’ reactions to the non-implementation of collective agreements in the Lagos State public sector. The non-implementation of collective agreements between employers and trade unions has been the source of strikes and all forms of industrial conflict in the work place. The study employed cross sectional design and adopted survey method as research strategy. The reliability of the research instrument was determined using the Cronbach’s Alpha and the outcome was 0.796. It was hypothesised that non-implementation of collective bargaining agreement does not affect trade unions’ reactions in the Lagos State public sector. A regression analysis of the data was carried out using SPSS version 20, considering the trade unions reactions as the criterion variable and non-implementation of collective bargaining agreement as the predictor variable. The result of the regression indicated the predictor explained 4.8% of the variance in the criterion variable. (R2=0.48; F (1,328) =16.435, p<0.05). It was found that non-implementation of collective bargaining agreement significantly affect trade unions’ reactions in the Lagos State public sector at (β=0.219, p<0.05).The outcome of the this study revealed that the non-implementation of collective bargaining agreements has implications for trade unions’ reactions. Arising from the findings of the study, it is hereby recommended that to foster cordial labour- management relationship and to promote industrial harmony, governments at all levels should honor collective agreements.


Trade unions’ reactions, Collective agreements, Lagos State, Public Sector, Industrial harmony, non-implementation, Strikes, Industrial conflict.

How to Cite

Tunde, E. S. ., Okeke, S. C. ., & Abiodun, J. S. . (2020). Trade Unions’ Reactions to Non-implementation of Collective Agreements in the Lagos State Public Sector. Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, Economics and Finance, 2(4), 83–94.


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